The error :
When you programmatically create the CQWP, you need to set the attribute UseCopyUtil to true.
wpCqwp.UseCopyUtil = true;
After, the item url should works and will look like :
By default, when you create a CQWP by the interface, SharePoint set the property UseCopyUtil to true.
Programmatically it’s set to false (i saw it by exporting the webpart, which gave me a .webpart file , and i compared it to a content query webpart created by interface).
Msdn explains, about that property that :
“Objects that are not streamed, such as announcements or calendar events, do not have an associated URL. When you set this property to true, objects that are not streamed have an associated URL that points to the View property of the item. “ Msdn